Head of IR and Business Development
Business Development and Marketing Specialist
Public Relations Specialist
Phone: (+40) (21) 307 95 00
How to get listed
Bucharest Stock Exchange’s AeRO market is dedicated to Small and Medium sized Enterprises that meet the following criteria:
- are a joint-stock company (SA)
- have anticipated market value/ equity of at least EUR 250,000
- will have 10% free-float (10% of the shares to be in investors portfolios, available for trading), or minimum of 30 shareholders
Do you think your company is too big for listing on AeRO? Then perhaps you should consider listing on the Main Market. Read more about listing shares on the Main Market.
How to get listed
There are two ways in which company can issue shares on the stock exchange. The first one is through the sale of shares carried out by the company that wishes to attract financing for its development, and a second one, which implies a sale of a part of the stake held by one of the shareholders as a part of the exit strategy. In the second case, the funds raised are received by the seller and are not directed into the company. It is important to remember that in either way, the company’s shareholders have to adopt the decision regarding admission of company’s shares to trading. This decision has to be made by the company’s statutory body – the Board of Directors or during the General Shareholders Meeting.
As to the listing process itself, there are three distinct methods through which you can list shares of your company on the Bucharest Stock Exchange’s AeRO Market:
Initial Public Offering (IPO) – public offering of shares, which requires the preparation of a prospectus that has to be approved by the Financial Supervisory Authority (ASF) and the fulfillment of all the legal and regulatory proceedings.
Private Placement – an offering addressed to a limited number of potential investors, maximum 149. In case of private placement on AeRO, there is no need to provide a prospectus for approval to the ASF, only a memorandum* (no approval of ASF is necessary).
Technical Listing – no offering takes place before listing, which means that the shareholder structure of the company is not impacted in any way and the company simply decides to be take advantage of the benefits of being a listed company (additional visibility, credibility, transparency). For technical listing on AeRO, only a memorandum* has to be provided.
* Memorandum is a short presentation document that includes information regarding the destination of funds obtained, the selection procedure of potential buyers, the number of shares issued and the price obtained, the method of allocation and any other relevant information. After admission to trading, the Memorandum is published on the website of the Bucharest Stock Exchange, in the section dedicated to the issuer.
Memorandum is a far shorter and more concise document than the Prospectus, which is required for an IPO on AeRO or any type of listing on the Bucharest Stock Exchange’s Main Market.
The costs of issuing shares on AeRO are not fixed and involve the following fees:
- Authorized Advisor fees for the preparation of the due diligence report, company valuation, prospectus and investor presentation, investment teaser etc.
- Auditors fees, for carrying out the audit of the financial statements
- Prospectus fee to be paid to ASF (in case of an IPO)
- ASF fee, which equals a percentage of the offering
- ASF fee for registering of securities
- Central Depository fees
- Bucharest Stock Exchange fees, which are specified below
In case of any company, listing on the stock exchange represents a new stage in the life of a company. Therefore, from the very first day of trading each listed company develops a new product – its own shares or bonds. As with any other product or service offered by a company, the issued shares or bonds will need promotion and the necessary support in order to remain attractive to their potential clients – investors. This can be achieved through various means of communication that should become an important part of the company’s daily life. As any other day-to-day activity, communication with the market will require a certain allocation of resources.
Initial promises fulfillment
A public company needs to build investors' trust from the very beginning. In case the company raised the money for own specific projects, investors need to know that the funds were spent in line with the company’s prospectus.
Mandatory reporting obligations
Transparency is a key issue for any public company. Investors need to be updated and informed regarding the important events in company's life. The key is to pass to the market, through current reports, reliable and rich in content information that will allow the investors to assess the impact of the given occurrence on the company. This means that major contracts, acquisitions, new product releases, litigations or other major developments should be communicated to the market as they have an ability to influence the stock price. This also includes negative information.
The post-listing requirements for companies listed on AeRO are less stringent than those applicable to companies listed on the Main Market. AeRO listed companies have to fulfill requirements related to transparency and reporting, on three levels: annual reports (including financial statements, notes to financial statements, the management report and the audit report), half-year reports (including balance sheet, P&L account, management report) and current reports (on decisions of general shareholders meetings or management boards acting as delegated by shareholders, mergers/splits projects, litigations, reorganizations, procedures of insolvency etc.). Quarterly reports are not obligatory for companies listed on AeRO, but highly recommended.
Financial results are some of the most significant news to share with the public. Investors appreciate detailed information such as the key drivers of revenues, operating result, net result or total assets. Best practices suggest that quarterly financial reports should be accompanied by earnings conference calls or meetings with analysts and investors.
Once a company listed its shares or bon, a contact point has to be established in order to carry out a communication between the company and its investors, both current and potential. That communication is carried out by the Investor Relations Officer (IRO) whose role is to provide knowledgeable information about the company to its investors. Investor Relations duties can be also carried out by the CEO or the CFO however this solution might not be sustainable for all the companies. Apart from communication with the investors, the IRO should maintain relationship with the financial analysts in order to bring the company on the radar of the major financial institutions. Additionally, investors and analysts value the participation in regular meetings as well as access to all the relevant information right on the company’s website.
Companies listed on AeRO do not have to adhere to the Bucharest Stock Exchange’s Code of Corporate Governance. Instead, for companies listed on AeRO, BVB has developed a set of Principles of Corporate Governance, that are better adapted to this type of market
Sipex Company (SPX)
- Private placement carried out in February 2022.
- The company attracted RON 10.6mn, by selling 6.23% of its shares.
- The placement and listing were assisted by BRK Financial Group.